The ruins of Lachish were uncovered by archaeologists upon this hill west of Hebron. Lachish was a Judean fortress. The Assyrians under King Sennacherib attacked the city and made a siege against it. This was recorded in the Jewish Bible. It was also recorded in the Assyrian archives at Nineveh across from Mosul, Iraq. This city fell to Assyria. Grape vines were planted along the road. Israel was suffering a second year of drought in '99. In 2002 they got more than their average share of rain.
The walls were built in the Iron Age II insets-offsets style contemporary with the times of King Hezekiah of Judea and King Sennacherib of Assyria.